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Thursday, June 30, 2022

Crimean Tatars subjected to Soviet-era policies by Russia: Dzhemilev

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Crimean Tatars are subjected to the same repressive policies by Russia today as they were during the Soviet era, Crimean Tatar leader Mustafa Dzhemilev said on Thursday amid the ongoing war in Ukraine. Dzhemilev, who is also a member of Ukraine’s parliament, was speaking to Anadolu Agency (AA) on the 78th anniversary of the Crimean Tatars’ deportation from their historical homeland to Siberia by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in 1944. What happened in 1944 was the Crimean Tatar genocide, Dzhemilev said, noting that up to 46% of the deported population lost their lives within the first two years. Dzhemilev said the Soviet administration made efforts to erase any traces of the Tatars’ legacy in Crimea by banning their language and even demolishing cemeteries. Against this background, he said, Crimean Tatars, including himself, struggled to return to their homeland and regain their rights for around 50 years. Referring to Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014, Dzhemilev emphasized that Russia conducted a systematic policy of oppression against Crimean Tatars. Consequently, over 30,000 of them fled from the Crimean Peninsula, while some of those who stayed were killed or went missing, he said. He said Russia through terror policies aimed to force Crimean Tatars, who comprised 13% of the population, out of the peninsula. On the ongoing war against Ukraine, he said that Russia’s invasion is not going as it expected or planned. Dzhemilev noted that the war presents an opportunity for the liberation of Crimea from Russian occupation. An increasing number of Crimean residents, around 95% now, support the end of the Russian occupation, he said. Dzhemilev also praised Turkey’s support for both Ukraine and Crimean Tatars, underlining that Ankara did not recognize Russia’s annexation of Crimea. Russian forces entered the Crimean Peninsula in February 2014, with Russian President Vladimir Putin formally dividing the region into two separate federal subjects of the Russian Federation the following month. Turkey and United States, as well as the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), view the annexation as illegal. Crimea’s ethnic Tatars have faced persecution since Russia’s 2014 takeover of the peninsula, a situation Turkey has decried. Dzhemilev and the president of the Crimean Tatar National Assembly, Refat Cubarov, were banned from entering the peninsula after the annexation. The Crimean Tatar National Assembly was branded an “extremist organization” and its activities were banned. Some 2,500 Crimean Tatars who had direct ties to the assembly and everyone who had relations with it became members of the “extremist organization.” Due to pressure from the Russian administration, thousands of Crimean Tatars had to leave the peninsula. Crimean Tatars continue to be arrested at their homes and mosques on charges of being members of a “terrorist organization.”

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